Fatigue is a person's psychological and physiological state, which is the result of prolonged or intense work.
Fatigue manifests itself in a temporary decline in efficiency.
External signs of fatigue include: increased sweating, skin discoloration, impaired coordination of movements, violation of the rhythm of breathing.
Internal signs: dizziness, the appearance of pain in the muscles.
The syndrome of chronic fatigue is a disease characterized by prolonged fatigue, which is not eliminated after a long rest. The occurrence of the syndrome of chronic fatigue is usually associated with disorders in the central regulatory centers of the autonomic nervous system, caused by the inhibition of the activity of the zone, which is responsible for inhibitory processes. This unbalanced emotional and intellectual load provokes this disease to the detriment of physical activity.
Causes of fatigue
At present, the causes of the syndrome of chronic fatigue are unknown.
The main role is attributed to the deficit of macro-, microelements, food allergies, excessive mental and physical stress, viral infection (Epstein-Barr virus, herpesvirus type 6, cytomegalovirus, Coxsackie virus, enterovirus, hepatitis C, retrovirus). According to some doctors, the syndrome of chronic fatigue is a consequence of only psychiatric disorders: somatoform disorders, "large" and atypical depressions. Up to 70% of patients with symptoms of constant fatigue suffer from any chronic diseases. A lot of chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, lung pathology, anemia) can cause a breakdown.
Fatigue can be the only sign of the initial stages of serious oncological, endocrine, immune diseases, diseases of the nervous, cardiovascular system, internal organs, as well as mental illnesses.
Sometimes constant fatigue accompanies the so-called rehabilitation (recovery) period after a serious illness. For example, post-traumatic and post-infectious syndromes.
The main symptom of fatigue is exhaustion after physical or mental activity. The patient does not feel rested after rest or sleep. It may be difficult to perform ordinary actions.
Signs and symptoms of fatigue can be physical, mental or emotional.
Pain in the body can be a sign of fatigue.
pain and tenderness in the muscles
painful lymph nodes
apathy and lack of motivation
reduction in hand-to-eye coordination
violation of judgment and indecision
irritability and capriciousness
loss of appetite
weakened immune system
short-term deterioration of memory, which leads to problems with the organization of thoughts and the search for correct words
drowsiness and lethargy
slow responses to stimuli and slower reflexes than before
Eye problems such as blurring
In severe cases, a person may experience hallucinations.
Gastrointestinal problems such as bloating, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea and nausea can develop. Symptoms may be similar to symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Symptoms worsen after hard work. They may appear a few hours after class or exercise, or perhaps the next day.
Treatment of Fatigue
To successfully treat fatigue, you first need to find the root cause.
It can be:
anemia or low iron levels without anemia
poorly controlled blood sugar
inadequate thyroid activity
Appropriate treatment of the disease can help alleviate fatigue.
Yoga, CBT and attentiveness to fatigue
Researchers have found, for example, that cognitive behavioral therapy (CPT), in combination with graded therapeutic exercise (GLS), can be an effective treatment for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).Another study showed that the symptoms of fatigue and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who underwent a mindfulness meditation course.
It was found that yoga improves the symptoms of fatigue and sleep quality in survivors of cancer. The 4-week program included postures, meditation, breathing and some other methods.
It is important not to drive during sleep. A survey conducted by the CDC showed that about 1 in 25 drivers aged 18 and older fell asleep during the movement for the previous 30 days.
Overcoming persistent fatigue
Here are some tips for overcoming fatigue.
Practice good sleep hygiene:
Aspire to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.
Set the temperature in the bedroom at a comfortable level, neither too cold nor too hot.
Make sure the room is dark and quiet.
Avoid time in front of the screen an hour before sleep, since light and sounds from a TV or computer can stimulate brain activity, affecting the quality of sleep.
Avoid eating for 90 minutes or 2 hours before bedtime.
As sleep approaches, physically and mentally slow down.
Having a warm bath and listening