To determine excess weight, there is an indicator, called the body mass index (BMI). To calculate the BMI, you need to divide the weight (in kilograms) by the height in the square (in meters). If your BMI is between 19 and 25, then you do not have problems with excess weight. A BMI between 25 and 30 means overweight, and 30 or more is obesity.
The reasons for the appearance of excess weight
Obesity is divided into primary and symptomatic, when excess weight is a symptom of another disease.
The reasons for the primary excess weight are: genetic predisposition, excessive intake of food and a lack of motor activity. As for heredity, scientists agree that there is a greater or lesser genetic predisposition to weight gain, but hereditary factors are always realized in close connection with the way of life of a person.
Some medicines can also lead to an increase in body fat. These include corticosteroids, female hormonal drugs, antidepressants, etc. The intake of these drugs should always be as prescribed and under the supervision of the treating doctor.
As well as self-priming of drugs to reduce weight can have serious consequences.
Therefore, a doctor's consultation when losing weight is simply necessary, to choose the optimal and safe option of losing weight with the help of medicines.
The most effective drugs for weight loss:
ALVALIN 40MG/G 15 ML Nutrend CARBONEX 12ШТ
CEFAMAGAR TABLETTEN 100 Шт Omni Biotic metabolic Probiotikum Beutel 30X3 g
Danare Green Coffee Plus 60 tbl. Omni Biotic Stress Repair 56x3G
DoktorBio Slim 90 tbl. Reduxin 60X15MG
Dr. Egrt Extra Slim Fat Burner 60 tbl. Regenon retard 60X60MG
Dr. Popov Psyllicol EXTRA s Aloe Vera, 100 g Tenuate Retard 30 Stk.
LKVB6 90 tbl Xenical Generika 120X84 stk
MAXIVITALIS Slimax Slimax LADY 50+ 150 tob.
Also, excess weight can be the result of some pathological conditions, such as: a violation of the thyroid gland or pituitary gland, underdevelopment of the sex glands, Cushing's disease, as well as damage to the nerve cells of the hypothalamus.
Consequences of excess weight
Excess weight is often the cause of many functions of the body.
First of all, with excess weight, the risk of cardiovascular diseases increases.
Excess body weight has a negative impact on the musculoskeletal system, causing deformation of the foot, osteoarthritis of large joints and other disorders. Also, excess weight leads to various metabolic disorders, resulting in the development of atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus.
Prophylaxis of excess weight
People with a tendency to overweight should balance the amount of food consumed and the level of physical exertion.
The diet should be balanced. Increase in physical activity, exercise should follow the diet.
It is important to understand what exactly served in your case the main factor in weight gain - a change in diet or a reduction in exercise. Then you can find the optimal solution, which will be ideal for you.
The basic rules of effective weight loss
We present to you the basic rules of weight loss, which must be taken into account for accelerating the burning of adipose tissue:
1. Breakfast is compulsory
Some people do not pay attention to the fact that before they have breakfast they go to work. This is a big mistake, because when we think, our metabolism is slowed down, and when we wake up and do not have breakfast, we do not start it. As a result, in the lunch time our body will burn much fewer calories than if we had breakfast. It is best to start breakfast with dishes containing complex carbohydrates (300-400 calories). These can be cereals, various cereal flakes, preferably oatmeal and oatmeal, cereal bread, muesli, and also salads from fruits and vegetables.
If we eat from time to time, then we can suffer from overeating, because by making great breaks between meals, there is a strong feeling of hunger. But most importantly, metabolism slows down, while fractional food at least 5 times a day (300-400 calories) does not allow the metabolism to slow down. We should try to ensure that the breaks between meals are not longer than 4 hours.
3. The use of more proteins
In nutrition, proteins should be at least 20-30% of the daily diet. The presence of proteins in every meal speeds up the metabolism, because for the digestion of proteins the body needs more energy than, for example, starch or fat, and it will burn more calories. It is the ratio of at least 1/3 to 1/4 of the protein content in a person's daily diet that burns an additional 150-200 calories per day.
4. Eating calcium
Daily consuming dairy products with a minimum fat content, we will burn more fat by 70% percent. The fact is that the calcium contained in milk products encourages the body to burn excess fat faster. Daily it is desirable to consume 1200 mg of calcium, this can be achieved if 3-4 times a day there are dairy products with a low fat content.
5. Eat fish and seafood
Regular consumption of fish and seafood increases the level of a hormone such as leptin in the body, which is extremely important: the more leptin, the lower the metabolism, and therefore less likely to recover. It should be 3-4 times a week, fish fatty varieties: tuna, herring, salmon and other.
6. To use potassium
Potassium accelerates the metabolism, regulating the water balance in the body, tk. A dehydrated body burns fewer calories. Most potassium is