Alcoholism is a disease manifested in the pernicious habit of drinking alcohol frequently and in excessive amounts. An alcoholic is a person dependent on alcohol. With a sharp cessation of alcohol consumption, he has a so-called withdrawal syndrome - nausea, vomiting, anxiety, hallucinations, tremors, and other unpleasant symptoms. Alcoholism violates brain activity and physical abilities, impairs memory and the ability to think sensibly, a person begins to commit unreasonable acts. Alcohol affects the ability to make decisions and makes a person irresponsible to such an extent that at the last stage of alcoholism he becomes unable to take care even of himself.
Causes of alcohol addiction:
Alcohol in a person can develop for a variety of reasons:
vulnerability and subtle perception of reality,
understanding of their powerlessness to change the world,
lack of ability to enjoy life,
acute stressful situation
death of a loved one
constant fatigue or depression
disappointment in life.
Stages of alcohol dependence and consequences
Drinking alcohol is a habit and becomes the main way to relax, relieve tension and stress. This is the stage of addiction where a person begins to feel anxiety, irritability and depression without alcohol.
At this stage of addiction binges, alcohol in the morning and the appearance of intoxication in the workplace. The second stage is the physical dependence of a person on alcohol, in which the gag reflex to receive a large amount of alcohol disappears. Characterized by the emergence of partial amnesia, in which certain events fall out of memory during the reception of alcohol. Such a person in the moments of forced sobriety feels an increase in depression, anxiety and irritability and unconsciously tries to remove them with alcohol intake. At the end of the second stage, symptoms of CNS damage appear, psychosis and pronounced aggression develop, behavior control is almost lost.
III-stage of alcoholism, in fact, means the social death of a person. There is a complete degradation of the individual. This is no longer a person in the full sense of the word - he has no work, family, and most likely no home. This stage is called encephalopathic and is characterized by irreversible toxic brain damage.
Drug treatment of alcoholism
Currently, there is a fairly broad classification of methods for getting rid of alcohol dependence, all of them can be divided into two large groups - drug and non-drug methods. Application of methods of one group does not exclude application of methods of another, on the contrary, an integrated approach is recommended, since alcoholism is an addiction at the physical and mental level, respectively, treatment involves influencing the problem by different methods.
Drug treatment of alcoholism involves the use of drugs that suppress the craving for alcohol, and drugs that block the possibility of its potential admission. All pharmacological drugs for the treatment of alcoholism can be divided into those that suppress the pathological craving for alcohol, and those that relieve the effect of intoxication when drinking alcohol, i.e. what it is consumed for is pleasure, relaxation, sociability, etc.
The best drugs for alcoholism:
The use of dietary supplements in the treatment of alcoholism:
It should be remembered that dietary supplements as independent means of treatment are not effective. They are used as components in complex therapy and have little effect on the body.The popularity of drugs for the treatment of alcoholism is explained by the many positive reviews of former patients who have experienced the efficacy of such drugs as Vivitrol, Algominal, Esperal, Colme and the whole complex correctly selected therapy.
It is worth remembering that the treatment of alcoholism with pharmacological methods should be trusted exclusively to professional doctors. Modern pharmacies have at their disposal a huge range of drugs and drugs that have a strong effect on the body, but in inexperienced hands these drugs may not be effective or very dangerous at all.
It is necessary to take drugs for the treatment of alcoholism only by prescription and under the close supervision of a narcologist. Self-medication can lead to serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, damage to internal organs, and other irreversible effects.
The effectiveness of drug therapy for the treatment of alcoholism provides:
Elimination of abstinence effects
Reduction and complete elimination of craving for alcohol
Treatment of some mental disorders and complications
Changing the factors of influence of alcohol on the human body
The treatment of alcoholism is a phased process and the use of medical drugs accompanies each stage.
When withdrawing from the binge, drugs are used to detoxify the body from the decay products of alcohol, restore the hydrolytic balance of the body, relieve symptoms of a hangover. In the treatment of hard drinking one of the important tasks is the removal of withdrawal symptoms.
The next step may be coding, which is carried out with the use of drugs that suppress the craving for alcohol and cause rejection of alcohol if taken. At the stage of rehabilitation and a return to a healthy lifestyle, it is also impossible to do without the use of medicines, which allow normalizing the functioning of internal organs and systems that have been disabled by prolonged use of alcohol.
In the treatment of alcoholism in the practice of drug abuse, various antidepressants are widely used.
All drugs should be used exc